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WORLD HUNGER

Hunger is a problem throughout the world. At least a half million people are hungry every day. In 1980, fifty-three developing countries did not have enough food. More than twenty African countries have very serious food problems. There are also hungry people in developed countries

 

What causes world hunger

 

Geography : Only about ten percent of the Earth's land is good for agriculture. Another twenty percent is good for raising animals

 

Climate : Sometimes the weather is too hot, too cold, too wet, or too dry. Sometimes there are storms, and floods. The weather can destroy all the crops in an area

 

Destruction of crops : Insects, rats, and other animals eat from one-fifth to one-third of all the crops in developing countries

 

 Transportation : Sometimes there is extra food in one part of a country, but there is no way to take it to another part of the country. There are not enough trucks and trains. Developed countries give food to poorer countries, but sometimes there is no way to transport it to the villages

 

Education : Villagers need to learn the new ways of farming. They cannot grow enough food when they use old methods. Developing countries need to do research to find solutions to their agricultural problems, but they do not have enough specialists

 

Choice of crops : Some poor countries use most of their land to grow just one or two crops for export. They do not have enough extra land to grow food for the people. If there is bad weather or a plant disease, the crop is destroyed. Then there is no money from the exports to import food

 

Customs : Sometimes an area can grow a new kind of food, but the people want to eat the kind of food they are used to. If they always eat rice, they don't want to eat corn. If they are used to beans, they don't want to eat peanuts

 

These are not simple problems. They are very complicated. One problem causes another problem. The solution to one problem causes a new problem. Some powerful people don't want to solve these problems. As long as they have a lot of money, they are happy. Meanwhile, people are hungry

 

Source : Concepts and Comments

دسته ها : English Readings
سه شنبه نهم 12 1390 21:41
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